Vitiligo is a visible skin condition where white patches appear on the surface of your skin. It’s a long-term condition caused by the lack of melanin pigment. It appears anywhere on the skin, including the face which may cause its sufferer becomes less confident. The pale area is also very sensitive which needs extra treatment for vitiligo to avoid sunburn and decrease the risk of skin cancer.
Vitiligo is difficult to treat, but with these five treatments, people with vitiligo can protect their skin.
1. UV protection
Since the pale area of vitiligo is melanin lacked, it’s more sensitive to the UV than normal skin. If you suffer this skin condition, you should make sure to wear a UV A and UV B protection whenever you go out during the day. Use sunblock or sunscreen lotion with a minimum SPF of 30. Reapply the sun protection lotion if you stay under the sunshine for hours.
2. Vitamin D
Since people with vitiligo protect their skin from the sunshine, one of the most effective sources of Vitamin D, there is a high possibility that they’ll suffer from Vitamin D deficiency. The deficiency may lead to some health problems such as depression, fatigue, and reduced heart function.
To avoid the problems, you must eat foods which are rich in vitamin D such as fishes. You also need to take a supplement containing ten micrograms of vitamin D on the daily basis because the vitamin from foods alone is likely not enough.
Medication is a widely-known treatment for vitiligo. Topical pimecrolimus and tacrolimus commonly used to treat eczema are often used to treat vitiligo as well. Those medications can restore the melanin pigment in the skin. However, they have some side effects such as burning sensation and redness on your skin. Ask your doctor to get the prescription according to your skin condition.
Phototherapy or treatment with light is usually undertaken when medication doesn’t work to treat a widespread vitiligo. The therapy uses UV-A or UV-B from the treatment lamp. When this treatment is combined with medication, there is a significant result of the skin condition.
However, the usage of UV A and UV B during the therapy is a major setback. The risk of cancer increases because of it. The doctor usually informs the patient about it before the therapy starts. If you want to proceed with the therapy, you must give your written consent of getting phototherapy.
5. Skin camouflage
After the treatment, there is a possibility that your pale skin remains uneven with its surrounding skin. If that’s the case, you should consider the skin camouflage. You can make your complexion look perfectly even with the right shade of foundation.
If the vitiligo appears on the area hidden under your clothes, you don’t need to worry. Only make sure you use sunscreen and waterproof foundation or tanning lotion before you wear your swimsuit and enjoy the beach.
Those are five types of treatment for vitiligo to help you deal with this long-term skin condition.