Diabetes Type 2: Cause, Symptom, Treatment, and Prevention

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Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes Type 2

Diabetes type 2 is formerly known as non-insulin diabetes. In the recent years, this type of diabetes is the most common found among patients. The sufferers are mostly adults, but the cases among children and youths increase. Here is more information about this disease.

Causes

Unlike the diabetes type 1 which results from the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin hormone which monitors blood sugar,diabetes type 2 mostly results from overweight and body inactivity.People with this type of diabetes usually consumes more sugar and carbohydrate than what their body need. As a result, the sugar is left in their blood.

The risk of this type of diabetes increases with age. The older you’re, the higher your diabetes risk. Most people suffer from diabetes when they’re older than forty years old. However, caused by bad eating habit, the risk for people aged fifteen years and older also increases.

Symptoms

People with diabetes type 2 often don’t realize that their blood sugar is high. They only find out about it several years after onset, particularly when there is an apparent complication. However, this type of diabetes actually has symptoms which alert you about the possibility of suffering diabetes. Here are the symptoms.

  1. Continuous fatigue
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Excessive thirst and hunger
  4. Blurred vision
  5. Decrease of muscle mass
  6. Wound infection

Symptom number 4 to 6 usually happen when the disease has become more severe. That is when many people start to realize that they have the disease. When the disease becomes more chronic, diabetes causes peripheral neuropathy, a condition when your peripheral system is damaged.

Before it occurs, get a medical check when you experience symptom number 1 to 3 so that you can get an early treatment if you’re diagnosed with diabetes.

Treatments

Diabetes type 2 is a progressive disease, andthe treatment is always necessary. The key of the treatment is to ensure that the blood sugar is on the normal level. For diabetes patients, a normal range of blood sugar isbetween 80-130 mg/dl before a meal and under 180 mg/dl after a meal. To maintain this level, here are the treatments.

  1. Healthy diet—consists of a healthy menu, right portion, and regular eating schedule.
  2. Exercise—to strengthen your muscle and increase your body sugar uptake.
  3. Medicine—as prescribed by your doctors.

The treatment above must be done continuously. Moreover, always prepare a first aid kit and learn what to do during an emergency such as when your blood sugar drops rapidly.

Prevention

Rather than curing a disease, it’s always better to do prevention. Here are the steps.

  1. Maintain your body weight. Avoid being overweight.
  2. Be physically active by doing workout or sports. It’s particularly important for those doing desk job every working days.
  3. Have a healthy diet. Consume less sugar and saturated fats.Replace soft drink with water.
  4. Avoid alcohol and tobacco.

By doing a healthy lifestyle, you will decrease the risk of diabetes type 2 even though when you’re aging.

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