It is known that one of the most feared health problems in the world is called HIV. What is HIV and what is HIV positive? Those questions are familiar to those who do not know much about such deadly disease. In a nutshell, it is a virus and it gradually ruins body’s immune system. Once someone gets infected by the virus, their body might lose defense against diseases. Living a life as an infected person indeed is quite painful as he or she is unable to avoid numerous types of illnesses and infections. No wonder, the lifespan reduces significantly without any treatments.
Learn What HIV Is
According to experts, an approximate lifespan for those who live with AIDS or HIV are only able to live up to the next 11-15 years. It is because living with bad or even without immune system makes them vulnerable and weak. Still, the years of lifespan vary depending on many factors like health conditions, age, and given treatments. So, what is HIV positive? In a nutshell, it is a diagnosis regarding someone having had a + result for the virus HIV. The doctors may detect it through a blood test, actually.
After reading a basic explanation regarding what is HIV positive, it is time to know some facts about the disease. What does it stand for? It means Human Immune-deficiency Virus. The only possible treatment in order to retain someone’s immune system to normal is the antiretroviral treatment. When undergoing such medical care, patients would be able to live a normal life. However, the treatment such be given continuously. Otherwise, their immune system is going back to bad condition.
Early Diagnosis is Important
In order to avoid fatal issue regarding HIV, it is important to get diagnosed as soon as possible. The problem is that the virus doesn’t cause conspicuous symptoms so several tests are needed to determine whether someone gets infected or not. No wonder, more people what to know what is HIV positive and learn further about the virus. By getting early treatment, patients are able to prolong their lifespan and increase the survivability rate. How can experts detect the virus, though? Usually, they undergo tests on blood, semen, anal fluids, vaginal fluids, or breast milk.
Fortunately, the virus spreads only through those fluids. This explains why sexual activities become the prime reason why people get infected by it. Those who inject drugs also have a high chance of getting the virus, especially if they use shared syringe and needles. Another common spreading medium is through genetic. A pregnant woman with HIV is likely to pass down the virus to the baby, especially through breastfeeding. Thus, everyone should be aware of what is HIV positive.
Overall, no one can predict the spreading of the virus but they can prevent it by conducting safe sexual activities and living a healthy life. Not to mention early treatments are required in order to prevent troublesome infections like Candidiasis, Coccidioidomycosis, Cytomegalovirus, Herpes simplex, Isosporiasis, and many others. No wonder, learning what is HIV positive and performing a regular blood test is important for everyone.