The fact is that a deadly disease like cancer can affect any organs including your lung. Those who suffer the disease need to know about stages of lung cancer. Not only cancerous cells attack the lung, but they would spread to nearby organs as well. In order to determine the type and intensity of the treatment, it is important to know the grades of stages of the disease. Each stage determines how fast cancer grows and the possibility of spreading. Not to mention each grade determines the patients’ life expectancy.
What is Grading or Staging?
When talking about stages of lung cancer, people should know about the types of the disease. According to experts, there are small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. The fact is that staging or grading does not apply to the first one. What about another? There are 4 stages and each of them shows the characteristics of the growth of cancer. By observing them, doctors are able to determine the best treatment to deal with it. In this article, you are going to learn a bit about those stages.
Grades of Lung Cancer (in Small-Cell Type)
Both doctors and patients should have good information regarding the stages of lung cancer so they can agree with the treatment later. The thing is only small cell lung cancer is observable for grading. The first stage shows that the cells do not show significant changes (looks like normal cells). The growth speed is considered slow and they don’t tend to spread. No wonder, doctors classify it as the low grade of cancer. At this stage, patients have the best chance to heal cancer and bring back their normal life.
Next, it is the 2nd grade or stage 2. At this stage, the cells have a slightly abnormal appearance and they are likely to advance. The experts call it the moderate stage and early treatments have a small chance to cure it. The next grade is both the 3rd and 4th grade, which is considered a severe condition or the worst among the stages of lung cancer. Not to mention the cells look strange and very abnormal. The worst thing is that they grow and spread quickly! Any treatments have a small effect on this condition and patients are likely to die soon.
Treatments Based on the Stages
All stages of lung cancer require different treatments, in fact. The first stage includes lobectomy (taking out the tumor). Due to a low rate of spreading, doctors are able to remove cancerous cells right away. The second stage requires further treatments like radiation and chemotherapy even though these would not be done intensively. In the third stage, those treatments are done more intensively and more often for sure. What about the 4th stage? Doctors usually recommend combined treatments in order to increase the survivability rate of the patients (which cost lots of money).
In summary, grading or staging helps doctors and patients decide the treatments for cancer. Knowing their condition, patients can avoid being fearful when undergoing the medications and treatments. No wonder, their mental condition improves, which is likely to help them to survive it. For further information regarding stages of lung cancer, you can consult the experts or read some articles on the internet.